New Research Underlines Differences Between Female and Male Hair Loss

Research into hair growth disorders has revealed some basic differences between Male Pattern Baldness and Female Pattern Hair Loss. It is becoming apparent that it is crucial to distinguish between different types of hair loss* in order understand the basic mechanisms behind the hair loss and to address it effectively. 

The condition known as Male Pattern Baldness is recognisable with its characteristic M-pattern, while the condition known as Female Pattern Hair Loss, which is believed to be a similar condition in women, is less obvious as the frontal hairline is often preserved while the hair on the crown thins. 

For a long time both conditions have been grouped together under the name, Androgenetic Alopecia, and was believed to be the same condition with different expressions in men and women, however, new research suggests that the two conditions may not be the same. 

National Hair Council Expert Dr Omar Milhem has recently presented preliminary research conclusions to a group of leading dermatologists in the Middle East concerning the difference between Male Pattern Baldness and Female Pattern Hair Loss. Dr Milhem’s conclusions highlight the pathophysiological influences of Androgenetic Alopecia in both women and men, and the repercussions that this will have on how we understand the diagnosis and treatment protocol of hair growth disorders. 

There are significant differences in the manifestation of Female Pattern Hair Loss and Male Pattern Baldness, which is first and foremost apparent in the different patterns of hair loss in women and men. 

Female Pattern Hair Loss is commonly evaluated using the ‘Ludwig scale’, which ranges from grade I to III. The condition usually presents as a diffuse hair loss in a ‘Christmas tree’ pattern, where the frontal hairline is preserved. Male Pattern Baldness usually shows as hair loss at the temples, a receding hairline and hair loss at the crown of the head. 

‘Significant differences in the pathophysiology exist between men with Male Pattern Baldness and women with Female Pattern Hair Loss with respect to Androgenetic Alopecia. Most women do not respond to anti-androgens. Female Pattern Hair Loss should be treated as a separate entity as a result of our greater understanding of the etiology of this condition in women’, according to National Hair Council member Dr Omar Milhem, PhD MR- PharmS GPhC. 

More research will be done to account for the differences between Male Pattern Baldness and Female Pattern Hair Loss to further the understanding and treatment of both hair loss conditions with the goal of improving the lives of hair loss sufferers. Meanwhile, it is always recommended to support the normal Hair Growth Cycle with a Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy.